The Review by the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations in October 2014 to review the current state of UN peace operations. The Panel consisted of 16 members chaired by former President of Timor-Leste and Nobel Laureate Jose Ramos-Horta and vicechaired by Ms. Ameerah Haq. The Panel worked primarily through consultations, thematic workshops, review of submissions and relevant literature, capital visits, and targeted interviews. Consultations with Member States, civil society and academia were held in Dhaka, Bangladesh; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Cairo, Egypt; Brussels, Belgium; and Salvador, Brazil. The Panel received more than 80 written submissions from more than 50 Member States, regional and other organizations, UN partner entities, civil society, academia and research outfits. The review included visits to Tokyo, Islamabad, New Delhi, Washington DC, Paris, London, Helsinki, Moscow, Beijing and Kigali as well as UN peace operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali and Senegal. The Panel coordinated closely with other parallel reviews such as the SCR 1325 Expert Study and the Advisory Group on the Review of Peace-building Architecture.

The Panel recommended 4 essential shifts in its report that was presented before the Secretary-General on June 16, 2015:

  1. Primacy of politics. Lasting peace is achieved through political solutions and not through military and technical engagements alone. Political solutions must guide all UN peace operations.
  2. Responsive operations. UN missions should be tailored to context. The UN should embrace the term ‘peace operations’ to denote the full spectrum of responses.
  3. Stronger partnerships. A more resilient global and regional architecture for international peace and security is needed for the future. The UN must lay out a vision and help enable others.
  4. Field-focused and people-centered. UN Headquarters should focus more on enabling field missions and UN personnel must renew their resolve to serve and protect the people.

The Secretary-General took forward the recommendations made by the panel in his subsequent implementation report on the future of peace operations. This report, which came out on September 2nd, 2015, three fundamental changes were highlighted:

  1. The need to prioritize prevention and mediation, in order to break the cycle of responding too late and too expansively
  2. The need to change the way the United Nations plans and conducts its peace operations to make them faster, more responsive, and more accountable to countries and people in conflict
  3. The need to put in place a global-regional framework to manage today’s peace and security challenges – which should start with a reinforced partnership between the United Nations and the African Union.

View the report of the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (HIPPO)

View the implementation report of the Secretary-General

HIPPO Key Recommendations

Views from the Panel






Preventing Conflict, Transforming Justice, Securing the Peace – A Global Study on the Implementation of United Nations Security Council resolution 1325 (2015)

DPKO/DFS Policy: The Protection of Civilians in United Nations Peacekeeping (2015)

The Future of United Nations Peace Operations: Implementation of the Recommendations of the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations | Report of the Secretary-General (2015)

Uniting Our Strengths for Peace – Politics, Partnerships, and People: Report of the High-Level Independent Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (2015)

The Challenge of Sustaining Peace: Report of the Advisory Group of Experts on the Review of the UN Peacebuilding Architecture (2015)

Report of Expert Panel on Technology and Innovation in UN Peacekeeping (2015)

Report of the Secretary-General on Peacebuilding in the aftermath of conflict (2014)

Report of the Secretary-General on Civilian Capacity in the Aftermath of Conflict (2014)

Report of the Secretary-General: Civilian Capacity in the Aftermath of Conflict (2012)

A New Partnership Agenda: Charting A New Horizon for UN (2009)

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: Principles and Guidelines (“Capstone Doctrine”) (2008)

Prodi Report: Joint AU-UN Report on AU Peacekeeping Operations (2008)

Zeid Report (2005)

Report of the Secretary-General’s High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change (2004)

No Exit Without Strategy: Security Council Decision-Making and the Closure or Transition of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (2001)

Brahimi Report (2000)

Report of the Secretary-General Pursuant to General Assembly Resolution 53/35: The Fall of Srebrenica (1999)

Supplement to an Agenda for Peace (1995)

Agenda for Peace (1992)

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